Thermophoresis of Janus particles at large Knudsen numbers
Thermophoresis, the motion of a particle along a thermal gradient, is exploited for deposition of aerosols on cooled surfaces. For non-symmetric particles it may be desirable to induce deposition with a preferred orientation of the particle. As a model system for this situation, we consider a spherical Janus particle having dissimilar reflective properties for gas molecules on its opposite hemispheres and investigate the interplay between rotational diffusion and thermophoretic motion on the orientation of the particle.
Reference: Tobias Baier, Sudarshan Tiwari, Samir Shrestha, Axel Klar, and Steffen Hardt, Thermophoresis of Janus particles at large Knudsen numbers, Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 094202 (2018), DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevFluids.3.094202
Knudsen pump inducing gas flow normal to temperature gradient
Knudsen pumps transport gas by exploiting temperature variations imposed by the channel boundaries, offering the advantage of not containing any moving parts. We analyzed a Knudsen pump with a temperature field generated by an applied temperature difference between the channel walls, where the ratchet-shaped wall is equipped with varying reflection properties on different sections. The figure shows streamlines and velocity magnitudes within a channel bounded by triangular teeth which are half-specularly and half-diffusely reflecting. The use of specularly reflecting patches massively increases the mass flux compared to diffusely reflecting walls.
Reference: V. Shahabi, T. Baier, E. Roohi and S. Hardt, Thermally induced gas flows in ratchet channels with diffuse and specular boundaries, Scientific Reports 7, 41412 (2017); doi:10.1038/srep41412; www.nature.com/articles/srep41412